Impact of Law Changes on Tourism Industry Essay
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This essay will discuss how recent changes in the law may impact the tourism industry, as it is extremely vulnerable when it comes to these emendations in regulations and that is why politics contributes to these impacts. Governments introduce different laws and regulations which every individual and business must follow or adapt to, organisations often have to change the way they operate due new policies, and these alterations cost a lot of capital and if they fail to follow the rules, organisations can face court for example if customers feel that the facilities doesn’t meet their needs e.g. wheelchair user in a shop with not lift to access the upstairs section. There are plenty of acts that that are opposed such as the equality act…show more content…
Before the deregulation act 1978 the government had full control over where and when airline were flying, so there was a limit of planes in the air as stated by James (1984). Six year after deregulation, Virgin Atlantic was formed and one year after Ryan air was also formed. The deregulation act illustrates that not only recent laws may impact the industry; it has started from the previous years and not all have bad impact.
Britain is an unwritten constitution, meaning the rules will keep on altering, especially when new government take over the power or when governments joint as one, alike the Coalition agreement, it has convey new regulations such as: strengthen the fight to reduce carbon dioxide emissions under the environmental protection act 2006(quote). This decision to the public is beneficial as it will provide clear air to breathe in and avoid damaging the ozone layer. However to the tourism industry, it impacts the business as they have to pay carbon emission tax and because taxes never stay at a standstill they will keep on spending more and more, as well as spending, organisations will soon be told to use only environmental friendly airplanes, so manufactures will have to start developing new planes with the aim of meeting the environmental requirement, Harrison (2007) stated
One of the most essential things for toursim to be successful in a particular place is a quality of the enviroment both natural and man-made.However tourism involves many activities that have a negative effect on the enviroment.These occur when the level of usage is bigger than the amount of caring for the enviroment.Uncontrolled tourism is threatening many natural area around the world.it can put great pressure on an area,and lead to negative enviromental impacts on air and water quality,vegetation,soil,wild life,and many other thing.
One of the most important areas of tourism is transportation.transport by air , road, rail is rising steadily because of increase in the number of tourists.One consquences of this is that tourism is responsible for a large amount of air transmissions.these emissions, as well as those from the production electricity,another important tourist need, are linked to acid rain, chemical pollution and global warming.They contribute to severe air pollution,not only in cities but in natural enviroment as well.Some of these impacts are directly related to tourism.For example, in very hot or cold conditions,Tour buses often leave their motor running while the tourists go out on excursions so that the bus is at comfortable temperature when they return.
Another negative effect of tourism is water quality.Bushwalker can damage small streams by walking through them too many times,causing them to be muddy which then in turn makes it difficult for small fish to feed.Also, less experienced bushwalkers some times like to pursue activities such as washing their hair in small creeks and streams, sending chemical in shampoo and conditioner downstream and further damaging to the enviroment.
However, not all effects of tourism are long term. The most common impact of tourism is litter, and its effect is almost instant. Litter is a serious problem in areas with high concentrations of tourist activities and natural attractions. It can have a major negative impact on all areas of the natural environment .
Tourist destinations in the mountains often end up with a great deal of unwanted waste. Tourists on expeditions leave behind garbage, oxygen cylinders and camping equipment. In the less developed or remote areas this is even worse as there are few disposal facilities. Some of the more frequently visited mountain trails in the Andes and in Nepal have been nick-named by the locals things such as "Coca-Cola Trail" and "Toilet Paper Trail", and the Inca Trail in Peru is often referred to as the "Stinker Trail" as a result of all the rubbish that tourists leave behind.
This has a bad effect on not only the appeal of a tourist site but the plant and animal life in the area as well. Natural tourist sites need distinct pathways and signposts so as to minimise the impact on vegetation. Destroying plants is also destroying many homes and habitats of the fauna in that particular area. This can eventually lead to the loss of biodiversity.
Constant trampling of natural habitats has a negative impact on vegetation, animals, and soil as well. Large amounts of trampling on soil causes loss of organic matter, and also accelerates erosion in that area. In beaches all over the world, especially the more popular ones such as those in Hawaii, the erosion is so bad that sand has to brought in to keep the beach attractive and viable. Once again, clear signs and distinct paths are needed to minimise this impact.
Tourism has many destructive environmental effects. However, it also has some positive impacts. Tourism contributes to environmental protection and conservation by raising people's awareness of environmental values. Tourists often travel to a destination because of its quality and purity. Many of these tourists both directly and indirectly cause pollution to these places, making them unappealing to other tourists. However, the next stage in the cycle is employing local people to help clean it up, making their lives slightly easier and more comfortable. It is only when the gap between these stages gets too large that it becomes a real problem, but with good planning and having everything in moderation, this may not happen any more.